AP CHEMISTRY

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity 6th Ed.
Kotz, Treichel and Weaver
Thomson Brookes-Cole, 2006 / ISBN: 978-0-534-99766-3
Syllabus
Succeeding in a Science Class Primer
Printable Periodic Table (PDF)
Writing Semi-Formal Lab Reports (PDF)
Lab Report Exemplar (PDF)
Lab Techniques (PDF)


 

Recommended software downloads: Below are links to general freeware programs that I highly recommend for learning chemistry. They are very professional, worthwhile chemistry tools.

1. Chemistry Assistant 2.2 : Performs mathematical operations, molecular weight calculations, U.S. to metric conversions and lists physical constants.
2.
Periodic Table of the Elements 2.10 : Basic data on the elements. Shows how the physical state of elements change with temperature. Also does calculations.
3. Graph : Program by Ivan Johansen. Plots functions and point series in cartesian and polar coordinates. Computes derivatives, integrals and trend lines.
4. FNGraph and Algebrus : Two additional graphing programs. These have higher learning curves, but each is excellent in its own right. Recommended for advanced users.
5. WebElements : (Online Resource) The place to go when you want to know something about the elements.
6. SI Units Defined: (Online Resource) Gives information on the definition of base units in the SI system.
7. Virtual Periodic Table w/ Element Samples: From RGB Research Ltd.
8. ACDLabs Chemsketch: 3D molecular modeling and drawing program (Free for noncommercial personal use).

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Text Problems
Resources

Chapter 1 - Chemistry: Matter and Measurement
Text Problems: 5, 8, 15, 17, 24, 29, 31, 37, 39, 47, 61, 65, 75, 76, 80, 81, 90, 97, 101, 107


- Worksheets / Resources
- Chapter 1 Lecture (PDF)
- Chapter 1 Supplemental Class Problems (Key)(PDF)
- Homework Key (PDF)

- Resource Information (PDF)

- Online Pretests
- Chapter 1 Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Density Determination Using Experimental Methods

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Chem4Kids (View the sections on matter, atoms and elements)
- Interactive Problem Solving (See the sections listed under chapter 1)
- Web Elements (Comprehensive online periodic table)
- Chem. Team (Sections on metric system and matter, physical properties, etc.)
- It's Elemental (Element flash cards interactive game)
- It's Elemental (Element Hangman interactive game)
- Proton Don (Learn the elements game)
- Periodic Table (Visual elements with information)
- Scientific Notation (Tutorials)
- Significant Digits (Tutorials and interactive practice) Site 1, Site 2, Site 3


Chapter 2 - Atoms and Elements
Text Problems: 6, 7, 15, 22, 25, 28, 30, 39, 40, 45, 49, 65, 66, 68, 78

- Worksheets / Resources
- Chapter 2 Lecture Notes (PDF - Updated 9/10/10)
- Supplemental Worksheet 1 (Key - PDF))
- Homework Key (PDF)
- Noted Scientists in Chemistry

- Online Pretests
- Chapter 1 and 2 Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Periodic Properties Lab

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Colors of complex metal ions
- Thomson’s cathode ray experiment (interactive)
- Information on the elements
- Periodic table tutorial
- Review of Millikan’s Oil Drop Exp.
- Interactive tutorial on the periodic table



Chapter 3 - Molecules, Ions and their Compounds
Text Problems: 3, 8, 17, 20, 21, 25, 30, 31, 33, 37, 44, 54, 57, 59, 60

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF) Updated 9/20/2011
- Worksheet (PDF) Key (PDF)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
- Stoichiometry Summary (PDF)
- Ion List (PDF)
-

- Online Pretests
- Chapter 3 Pretest (Kotz)

- Labs/Activities
- What is the Formula of a Hydrate?

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- General Mole Information (incl. combustion analysis)
- Percent Composition, Emirical and Molecular Formulas
- Comprehensive Polyatomic Ion List
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Chapter 4 - Stoichiometry and Equation Writing
Text Problems:4, 9, 11, 15, 23, 29, 31, 37, 42, 49, 51, 60, 65, 79, 80

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
-
Stoichiometry Worksheet (PDF) (Answers) (PDF)
- Homework Key (PDF)
- Stoichiometry Summary Outline
-

- Online Pretests
-

- Labs/Activities
- Identification of a Compound by Mass Relationships

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Stoichiometry Practice (Shodor Education Foundation)
- Stoichiometry Summary/Practice (ChemTeam)
- Stoichiometry/Limiting Reagent Visualization Applet (Carnegie Mellon Chem Collective)
- Soichiometry Summary (Wikipedia)
- Stoichiometry Tutorial (ChemTutor)
- Equation balancing Tutorial (ChemTutor)
- Equation Balancing Wizard (Freeware) (Colorado School of Mines)
- Equation Balancing and Stoichiometry Interactive Practice (Alan's Chemistry Page)
- National Mole Day Foundation



Chapter 5 - Chemical Reactions in Aqueous Solutions
Text Problems: 3, 9, 15, 19, 25, 27, 29, 33, 35, 39, 41, 47, 49, 51, 59, 65, 73, 75, 83, 105

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Slides (PDF)
- Solubility Rules/Oxidation numbers/Activity Series Summary
- Summary of Important Information (PDF)
- Lecture Summary
- Practice Problems (Answer Key)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
- Additional Supplemental Problems (Answer Key - PDF)

- Online Pretests
- Chapter 5 Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Reaction Types and Solubility (see instructor), Write Up Template (doc)
- Determining the Concentration of a Solution: Beer's Law (see instructor)

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Reactions in aqueous solutions (precipitation reactions)
- Solubility and Quantitative Analysis
- Balancing redox in acidic or basic medium practice
- Summary of how to balance redox reactions
- More redox balancing practice
- More on precipitation reactions
- Solubility rules
- Extensive information on redox reactions (Kiwi-Web)
- ChemTutor (Redox)
- ChemTutor (Neutralization reactions)
- Summary of Acids and Bases (Vision Learning)
-


Chapter 6 - Principles of Reactivity: Energy and Chemical Reactions
Text Problems: 9, 13, 15, 23, 29, 33, 37, 41, 45, 47, 51, 55, 59, 64, 66, 71, 77, 79, 81

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Chapter Outline (PDF)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
- Sample problem answers
- Thermochemistry Worksheet 1
- Thermochemistry Worksheet 2

- Worksheet 1 & 2 Answers (PDF)
- Additional Sample Problems (PDF) Here are the additional practice problems we didn't get to. The answers are given (at the end) but they are not worked out.
-Extra Hess's Law Problem with answer (PDF)


- Online Pretests
- Thermochemistry Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Calorimetry and Enthalpy of Reactions (see instructor)
- Write-Up Template (doc)

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Ohio State Online Thermochemistry Quizzes
- ChemTeam Thermochemistry Review and Worksheets
- Purdue University Review of Thermochemistry
- Wikipedia Latent Heat Table
- Wikipedia Specific Heat Information and Table
- Summary of Thermochemistry Topics
- Thermochemistry Encyclopedia Passage with Historical References


Chapter 7 - Atomic Structure
Text Problems:4, 7, 9, 12, 17, 20, 24, 27, 33, 39, 45, 51, 57, 61, 71

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Outline (PDF format)
- Atomic Theory Outline (PDF format)
- Atomic Theory Practice Worksheet (PDF) (Answers)
- Homework Answer Key (PDF)

- Online Pretests
- Atomic Theory Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Flame Test Lab
- Speed of Light With Marshmallow Lab

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Summary of the quantum model of the atom (Univ. of Oregon)
- Introduction to quantum mechanics
- Some history on atomic theory and here


Chapter 8 - Atomic Electron Configuration and Chemical Periodicity
Text Problems: 1, 5, 9, 11, 15, 17, 19, 23, 27, 31, 35, 44, 49, 57, 61

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Chapter Outline (PDF)
- Supplemental Worksheet (PDF)
- Supplemental Worksheet Answers (PDF)
- Homework Answer Key (PDF)
-

 
- Online Pretests
- Review Practice Problems (PDF)


- Labs/Activities
- No lab for this section.

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Periodic Trends Online Quiz (Changes order each time)
- Interactive Periodic Table Showing Trends
- Periodic Trends Clip (TeacherTube)
- Periodic Trends Clip (YouTube)
-


Chapter 9 - Bonding and Molecular Structure: Fundamental Concepts
Text Problems: 3, 7, 8, 11, 15, 18, 19, 24, 27, 31, 35, 39, 43, 47, 51, 55, 83, 90

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Outline Summary (PDF)
- Supplemental Worksheet (PDF)
- Supplemental Worksheet Answers (PDF)
- Homework Answers (PDF)

 
- Online Pretests
- Bonding and Molecular Structure Pretest

- Labs/Activities
-

- Online Resources (Web Sites)



Chapter 10 - Bonding Theory and Molecular Structure
Text Problems: 3, 5, 11, 15, 17, 20, 27, 32, 35, 37, 41, 43, 53

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Homework Assignment Answers (PDF)
- Hybridization Summary (PDF)
- Molecular Orbital Theory Summary (PDF)
- Additional Bond Theory Practice (with answers) (PDF)
- Chapter 9_10 Exam Review (PDF) Answers (PDF)
 
- Online Pretests
- Chapter 9/10 pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Molecular Models

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- CHEMTEAM VSEPR Theory
- VSEPR Theory (University of Sheffield)
- VSEPR Theory (Wikipedia)
- Atomic and VSEPR Theory (Thinkquest)
- Molecular Geometry Visualizations
-


Chapter 11 - Carbon: More Than Just Another Element
Text Problems: 3, 4, 7, 9, 15, 20, 24, 26, 27, 31, 33, 37, 41, 49, 53

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
- Supplemental Worksheet (PDF)
- Supplemental Worksheet Key (PDF)

- Online Pretests
- Pending

- Labs/Activities
- Preparation of Some Organic Compounds

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
-


AP Chemistry Semester 1 Review

- Review (PDF - Updated for 2012-2013) Key Part 1; Part 2 (PDF)

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Chapter 12 - Gases and Their Behavior
Text Problems: 5, 7, 11, 13, 15, 19, 21, 26, 30, 31, 34, 40, 41, 50, 51, 55, 87

- Worksheets / Resources
- Gas Law Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
- Gas Laws Worksheet, Answer Key (PDF)
- Gas Law Outline
- Further information on Kinetic Molecular Theory (PDF)

- Online Pretests
- Gas Laws Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Graham's Law of Effusion

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- ChemTutor Gas Laws
- Gas Law Tutorials (Alan's Chemistry Page)
- Gas Laws - Wikipedia Encyclopedia
- Virtual Laboratory: Ideal Gas Law (Univ. of Oregon)
- Gas Laws Tutorial (Ohio State Univ.) Shockwave required
- Gas Law Summary (Shodor Foundation)
- Thall's History of Gas Laws


Chapter 13 - Intermolecular Forces, Liquids and Solids
Problems: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 19, 23, 26, 28, 29, 32, 33, 35, 37, 47, 49

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Supplemental Worksheet (Answer Key)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
- Chapter Outline Part I
- Chapter Outline Part II
- Crystalline Structure Summary
- Sample Problems
-
 
- Online Pretests
- States of Matter / Intermolecular Forces Pretest 1
- States of Matter / Intermolecular Forces Pretest 2

- Labs/Activities
- Crystalline Structures Lab

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Intermolecular Forces
- More on Intermolecular Forces
- Hydration
- ChemTutor (States of Matter)
- Chem for Kids - States of Matter (Basic)
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 Chapter 14 - Solutions and their Behavior
Problems: 1, 5, 9, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 25, 31, 35, 39, 48, 51, 55

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Practice Problems (PDF) (Answers)
- Homework Answers (PDF format)

- Online Pretests
- Solution Chemistry Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- Molar Mass Determination through Freezing Point Depression

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Colligative Properties (Chemistry Explained)
- Freezing Point Depression (How Stuff Works)
- Solution Chemistry (ChemTeam)
- Physical Properties of Solutions (SparkNotes)
- Phase Diagrams (ChemGuide)


Chapter 15 - Principles of Reactivity: Chemical Kinetics
Problems: 5, 9, 11, 15, 19, 25, 29, 31, 33, 37, 43, 47, 51, 53, 73

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Kinetics Worksheet (PDF): Answer Key (PDF)
- Kinetics Summary (PDF)
- Homework Answers (PDF format)
-

- Online Pretests


- Labs/Activities
- Chemical Kinetics (How Temperature and Concentration Affect Rates of Reactions)

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Kinetics Quizzes (Look under section in Kinetics): Mouat School, B.C.
- Chemical Kinetics Introduction: Very good with interactive examples, Davidson College
- JAVA applets demonstrating kinetics
- Chemical Kinetics (Wikipedia)
- Catalysts (Chem4Kids)
- Rates of Reactions (Chem4Kids)
- Comprehensive Summary of Kinetics (Understanding Chemistry)
- Wiki on the Explanation for the Boltzmann Distribution ; Continued
-


Chapter 16 - Principles of Reactivity: Chemical Equilibria
Problems: 1, 5, 7, 9, 16, 18, 21, 23, 25, 28, 33, 39, 41, 51, 55

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Notes (PDF)
- Equilibrium Worksheet (PDF) Answers (PDF)
- Excel Equilibrium Activity (Instructions)
- Homework Answer Key
- Equilibrium Notes (PDF)

- Online Pretests
-

- Labs/Activities
- Chemical Equilibrium: Finding a Constant, Kc

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Chemical Equilibrium (Wikipedia)
- PhysChem Equilibrium Summary
- Technical Tutoring Chemical Equilibrium Pages (1)(2)(3)
- Virtual Chemistry (David N. Blauch) Equilibrium Applets
- Equilibrium Summary and Practive (Prentice-Hall)
- Flash Tutorials on Equilibrium (W.W. Norton)


Chapter 17 - Principles of Reactivity: The Chemistry of Acids and Bases
Problems: 3, 11, 15, 21, 27, 31, 35, 39, 41, 53, 59, 61, 67, 70, 99, 100

- Worksheets / Resources
-Lecture Notes (PDF)
-Homework Answers (PDF)
- Chapter Summary (PDF)(Note: Some of this information pertains to chapter 18 as well)
- Worksheet (PDF)
- Worksheet Key (PDF)
-
 
- Online Pretests
- Basic Acid-Base Concepts
- Advanced Acid-Base Concepts (Note: Some of this information pertains to chapter 18 as well)


- Labs/Activities
- Acid-Base titrations

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Extensive Tutorial on Acid-Base Chemistry (Univ. British Columbia)
- Quantitative Acid-Base Information
- Wikipedia on Acids and Bases
-
Information on Biological Buffers
- Chem4Kids Acids and Bases
- Vision Learning; Acids and Bases
- ChemTutor: Acids and Bases (Extensive summary)
- Fun Science Gallery: Experimenting with Acids and Bases
- Chemistry Coach: Acids, Bases and Salts (w/ Examples)

- ChemTeam Acid/Base Tutorial (Advanced)
- Freeware Titration Simulation Program

- Information about acids (Purchon.com)


Chapter 18 - Principles of Reactivity: Other Aspects of Aqueous Equilibria
Problems: 2, 7, 14, 21, 24, 30, 32, 35, 37, 41, 49, 55, 58, 65, 67

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Slides (PDF)
- Homework Answer Key (PDF)
- Aqueous Equilibria Worksheet (PDF) NEW! (Key)(PDF)
 
- Online Pretests
See Advanced Pretest for Chapter 17 above

- Labs/Activities
- Salt Hydrolysis

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
- Titration Simulation Freeware (Recommended)
- Titration, Buffers and Solubility Product Tutorial
- Titration Simulation Software
- Quantitative Solubility Information
-


Chapter 19 - Principles of Reactivity: Entropy and Free Energy
Problems: 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 17, 19, 22, 26, 27, 32, 33, 44, 50

- Worksheets / Resources
- Summary Guide (PDF)
- Lecture Note Slides (PDF)
- Chapter Worksheet (PDF) Key (PDF)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
- Practice Problems w/ Answers 1 (PDF)
- Practice Problems w/ Answers 2 (PDF)

-
 
- Online Pretests
-


- Labs/Activities
-Coupled Reactions and Spontaneity

- Online Resources (Web Sites)
-


Chapter 20 - Electrochemistry
Problems: 3ab, 5ab, 9, 13, 17, 23, 25, 29, 31, 34, 41, 45, 49, 59

- Worksheets / Resources
- Homework Answer Key (PDF)
- Lecture Notes Outline (PDF)
- Class Worksheet (PDF), (Key - PDF)
- Relationship Between E, G and K (PDF)
- Electrochemistry Summary Guide (Word)
- Practice Worksheets (1) (2) (3)
- Answer key for all practice worksheets (PDF)
 
- Online Pretests
-Electrochemistry Pretest

- Labs/Activities
- The Nernst Equation

- Online Resources (Web Sites)



Chapter 23 - Nuclear Chemistry
Problems:14, 16, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 46

- Worksheets / Resources
- Lecture Outline
- Nuclear Summary (PDF; Updated)
- Summary Practice Key
- Nuclear Practice (Key)
- Homework Answers (PDF)
 
- Online Pretests


- Labs/Activities
- Construction of a Cloud Chamber

- Online Resources (Web Sites)



   
Preparing for the AP Exam

Resources:

- Comprehensive Exam (Good Review)(PDF) (KEY)
-
AP Chemistry "Booklet" Review KEY (PDF)

- Quick summary of lab techniques and procedures (PDF)
- Several AP preparation resources at the bottom of the page (Chemmybear.com)
- Lab Safety and Basic Techniques (PDF)
- Advanced Lab Techniques (PDF)
- Formal Lab Report Writing (PDF)
- Formal Lab Checklist (What I'll be looking for when I grade your lab)(PDF)
- College Board AP Testing Information
-

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Content 2009 - Darrell L. Feebeck